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Approaching Hungary
When we first entered Hungary, we presumed it to be a country rather similar to Sweden, with about the same laws, habits and culture.

However, after a while we found many differences, most of them probably emerging from the past half century communist era. Being a tourist you are treated very well, and you don't notice so much from these differences. But when making business, the picture changes much, especially in the countryside.

We have listed some advised for those of you that plan to start business in Hungary. (For us it had certainly been very beneficial to read this before we started in Hungary).

1. Use the best lawyer available.
Hungarian law is not too different from Swedish law, and other laws of the European Community countries. But the praxis and how the law is applied differ a lot. This is impossible to figure out yourself, so you definitely need a honest and skilled lawyer. If you happen to know a business that is successful, try to get the same lawyer as them.

2. Be aware of Hungarian authorities
Forces from Hungarian authorities can be very brute and far-reaching, compared to what is practiced in Sweden. For example, the enforcement officer can put your operation into liquidation because of unpaid invoices, and tax authorities can confiscate your bank funds, without notice in advance, and this can even happen by mistake. For example, if you don't agree to an invoice, dispute it carefully by the schoolbook, and don't keep too much money easily available in Hungary.

3. Be strict with your suppliers
Many Hungarian people will probably offer products and services to you. Be aware that there might be no or weak connection with the price that is asked for something and the value of this for yourself. Win-win is often not much understood and you often must teach your suppliers, or if this doesn't help, you have to just exchange them.

4. Build a small network of open-minded people
Hungarian people are not more dishonest then any other people. But since business relations is often arranged to be to your disadvantage, you need people that can deeply understand both yourself and Hungarians. For example, it might be challenging that Swedish people are teaching Hungarian people how to make wine, but your team must simply cope with such obstacles.

5. Quality competency is hard to obtain
So it is in many countries, but Hungarian people have for half a century being asked for volume rather than quality. In many cases people will tell you that your wishes are maybe understandable but unfortunately impossible to realize. To  get your will through and to succeed, you must consider to boost your impact with suppliers from abroad.

6. Set a strategy and stick to that
You will get a lot of traditional advices from the Hungarians. You can unfortunately not take them all to your heart, because that bounds you to what is already in place in Hungary. If you want to make some difference, state ambitious goals from the beginning, and stick to your strategy until success.

Short about Hungary
Name: Hungarian Republic

Location: East-Central Europe (borders with Austria, Slovakia, Ukraina, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia)

Area: 93,030 square km

Population: 10,300,000 (21 percent under 14 and 60 percent between 15-59)
Density of population: 110 (per square km)

Form of government: Republic (parliamentary democracy - 4 year election periods)

Capital: Budapest (almost 2 million inhabitants)

Number of counties: 19
Number of towns: 169
Number of villages: 2,904

Climate: Continental with Mediterranean and Atlantic influences

Average temperatures: January -2C (28F), July 23C (73F)

Language: Hungarian (a very special language, originating from the Finno-Ugric tribe of languages, see below)

Currency: Hungarian Forint - HUF (FX Coverter)

Electricity: Same voltage (230 V) and plugs/sockets as in Sweden and Germany

Religion: Roman Catholic (majority), Protestant, Jewish

Urban population ratio: 60 percent

Population increment: -0.1 percent (decreasing!)

Life expectancy: men 66, women 74 (decreasing!!!)

Local time: in the winter GMT+1 hour, in the summer GMT+2 hours (same as in West Europe)

Public holidays:
1st January New Year's Day
15th March Anniversary of 1848-49 Revolution
Easter Monday
1st May Labour Day
Whitsuntide Monday
20th August St Stephen's and Constitution Day
23rd October Anniversary of 1956 Revolution
1st November All Saints' Day
25th -26th December Christmas 

International country phone code: 36
Budapest area code: 1
Important numbers:
Ambulance: 104
Police: 107
Fire service: 105
Inland enquiries: 198
International enquiries: 199
Auto club help number: 188

The Uralic Languages

The Uralic languages constitute a language family of 39 languages spoken by approximately 25 million people. The healthiest Uralic languages in terms of the number of native speakers are Hungarian, Finnish, Estonian, Mari and Udmurt.
Short dictionary
Numbers:
0=nulla
1=egy
2=kettő
3=három
4=négy
5=öt
6=hat
7=hét
8=nyolc
9=kilenc
10=tíz
11=tizenegy
12=tizenkettő
13=tizenhárom
14=tizennégy
15=tizenöt
16=tizenhat
17=tizenhét
18=tizennyolc
19=tizenkilenc
20=húsz
21=huszonegy *
22=huszonkettő *
23=huszonhárom *
30=harminc
31=harmincegy
40=negyven
41=negyvenegy
50=ötven
60=hatvan
70=hetven
80=nyolcvan
90 kilencven
100=száz
101=százegy
102=százkettő
111=száztizenegy
125=százhúszonöt *
200=kétszáz
300=háromszáz
500=ötszáz
1000 ezer
1526=ezerötszázhuszonhat
* the extra 'on' only in 20's Prononciations of numbers
Dates:
Monday=Hétfő
Tuesday=Kedd
Wednesday=Szerda
Thursday=Csütörtök
Friday=Péntek
Saturday=Szombat
Sunday=Vasárnap
yesterday=tegnap
tomorrow=holnap
today=ma
a.m.=délelőtt
p.m.=délután
morning=reggel
evening=este
night=éjszaka
Meals:
To drink=Inni
To eat=Enni
Fish=Hal
Pork=Disznó
Chicken=Csirke
Beef=Marha
Veal=Borjú
Turkey=Pulyka
Cheese=Sajt
Water=Víz
Wine=Bor
Beer=Sör
Champagne=Pezsgő
Ice cream=Fagylalt
Bread=Kenyér
Butter=Vaj
Milk=Tej
Honey=Méz
Salt=Só
Pepper=Bors
Egg=Tojás
Other words:
Yes=Igen
No=Nem
Airport=Repülőtér
Railway station=Pályaudvar
Subway=Metró
Hospital=Kórház
Post office=Posta
V.A.T.=ÁFA
Credit card=Hitelkártya
Ticket=Jegy
Stamp=Bélyeg
Medicine=Gyógyszer
To pay=Fizetni
Changing money=Pénzváltás
To wake up=Felkelni
To sleep=Aludni
To dance=Táncolni
To be happy=Örülni
Woman=Nő
Man=Férfi
Child=Gyerek
Girl=Lány
Boy=Fiú
Police=Rendőrség

Villa Sandahl Kft.
8261 Badacsony
Római út 203/1
Hungary

Sandahl International AB
Box 2045
331 02 Värnamo
Sweden

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